Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease characterized by the inflammation and deformation of the joints and surrounding tissues.
This type of arthritis is very common among adults over the age of 60, but there are also special cases that develop in the early stages.
It is usually seen in places like knees and hands. However, it can affect other parts of the body, including some muscles and tissues.
Although there is no definite cause to explain the formation of rheumatoid arthritis, it may be related to various causes. These include hereditary factors, corrosion and tear on the joints over time, and some injuries.
The main symptom is pain that changes in intensity. This pain is almost always accompanied by inflammation, being slow and having difficulties in making normal movements.
Some patients feel better over time, while others have to seek medical treatment when conditions deteriorate.
For this reason, it is important to be aware of this disease, including risk factors, development and types of treatment.
Now let’s take a look at 5 important facts about rheumatoid arthritis.
1. Affects various joints
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that usually affects a few different joints, especially in hands and knees.
It is rarely seen in a single joint, because it gradually develops over time and extends to other parts of the body.
Some patients with arthritis may feel this on a constant basis, but this can make it easier to control the pain.
Alternative therapies as well as pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs can also provide relief.
2. It may be seen in anybody
In general, persistent pain in joints associated with rheumatoid arthritis is due to age-related wear and tear.
However, this disease is not unique to old age. It can also be seen in children or young adults. Although it is true that most cases are seen in older adults, you may be much more likely to suffer from it at earlier ages, especially if you have had a history of this disease or any injuries, especially in the family.
3. The medical community is still confused about rheumatoid arthritis
Although rheumatoid arthritis is relatively widespread, its development still confuses the medical and scientific communities in the world.
The reason for this is that no one knows for sure the root cause, because there are many factors related to the corrosion and tear of the joints.
According to experts, what is clear is that the immune system of the body begins to attack its tissues, in this case around the joints.
However, it is still unclear what triggers this reaction of the body.
However, some risk factors include:
- Genetic tendency
- Hormonal imbalances
- Alcohol consumption and tobacco
- Lesions on muscle, joint, and bone tissues
- Inefficient physical activity
- Driving a sedentary lifestyle
4. The diagnosis is very complex
The diagnosis of many diseases is easy because the samples of body fluids can provide definitive evidence. However, rheumatoid arthritis is a special condition. It is very difficult to determine this because of the way in which the symptoms occurs.
In the first stages, pain can be confused with other minor health problems and people may ignore it when they think it is about fatigue.
According to Mayo Clinic’s data, there is not a single test that can be used to identify this disorder. In addition, it may take several years to obtain a correct diagnosis, as the cases tend to progress gradually.
Some of the methods used to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis are symptoms, family history, and X-ray analysis.
5. There are various treatment methods
Although there is no definitive treatment for the disease, there are many ways that can help to reduce and control the severity of the symptoms.
Treatments are designed to control inflammation and pain, and at the same time allow patients to maintain a normal lifestyle.
- First of all, it is recommended that the patient be trained through self-help programs and support groups, because this diagnosis can be a powerful influence on the emotional state.
- Then painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to control the pain and relieve stiffness.
- In addition, it is best to resort to physical therapy sessions to strengthen and protect the surrounding tissues of affected joints.
- There are also many natural products that can help alleviate the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.
Do you suspect that you have this disease? As a first warning, it is best to get medical help and assess this situation well.
When a diagnosis is made that you are suffering from this disease, you will need to change your daily habits in order not to affect your quality of life.